The IT & ITes sector includes IT services, engineering design and R&D services, ITES (IT-enabled services) or BPO and hardware. Today IT and ITeS sectors lead the economic growth in terms of employment, export promotion, revenue generation and standards of living. As per NASSCOM estimates, IT/ITeS sector (excluding hardware) revenues are estimated at USD 87.6 billion in FY 2011-12; and the industry is expected to grow by 19 per cent during FY 2012-13.
The IT/ITeS sector has led to employment opportunities, both direct and indirect, of nearly 2.8 million and around 8.9 million respectively. This growth is expected to increase to more than 14 million (direct and indirect) by 2015 and to around 30 million by 2030. IT/ITES industries are highly localized and clustered in seven cities as of today. These are: Bangalore, Hyderabad, Chennai, Gurgaon/Noida/New Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai and Pune. Infrastructure limits and scarcity of land has recently led to expansion to newer places like Ahmedabad, Bhubaneshwar, Chandigarh, Coimbatore, Jaipur, Kochi, Madurai, Mangalore, Mysore and Trivandrum. Job opportunity in coming years
As per the Economic Survey 2011-12, the IT/ITeS industries has added 7.96 lakh jobs in one year, in the period ending September 2011. According to NASSCOM, employee base in the rural areas is expected to increase by over 10 times by 2013-14, compared to 5000 in 2009-10.